Retirement can change dramatically at age 70!
It is very common for most of us to plan for the day we will retire. We will have
income from our pensions, savings, IRA, 401K, Social Security, etc. If we are aware
of our possible pending tax hump, we have also planned to balance our income sources
to avoid these potentially huge tax rates.
Unfortunately, not all of us plan for the day that we turn 70. This is when the
government requires us to start making Minimum Required Distributions (MDRs) from
our IRA and 401K accounts. If we have locked in permanent income sources from Pensions,
Annuities, etc. this additional required distribution of taxable income can easily
push us into our personal Tax Humps.
The image on the left side of this page illustrates the increasing sizes of these MRDs
starting the year you turn 70 1/2. There are
distinct percentages of distribution for every age up to age 100. Each distribution
is a fraction of your total IRA value on December 31 of the previous year. Age 70
is 1/27.4, age 71 is 1/26.5, etc.
On average we generally save about $250,000 for retirement. The forced minimum withdraw
on that amount at age 70 will be $9,124 and $9,433 at age 71 and the amount will
continue to increase every year. If $9,000 of income is pushed into your personal
Tax Hump, your taxes will increase by $3,663, 40.7% and that does not include State
and Local taxes.
What can you do to plan ahead for this?
The primary defense against this is to reduce the size of your 401K/IRA. This does
not mean to save less for retirement! Save as much as you can while working, then,
just prior to retirement, properly move some of your 401K/IRA savings to other
retirement accounts that do not require MRDs.
Just be careful!
- There is a 10% penalty for making an early withdraw from our IRA before the
age of 59 ½
- Be careful of the size of your withdrawals and conversions after the age of 62.
- Your Medicare premium each year is based on your MAGI, Modified Adjusted
Gross Income, from your tax return 2 years prior.
- Your age 65 premium is based on your age 63 tax return! Age 66 premium
based on age 64 MAGI, etc.
- The 5-year rule for Roth IRA distributions stipulates that 5 years must have passed
since the tax year of your first Roth IRA contribution before you can withdraw the
earnings in the account tax-free.